Original article https://www.shrm.org

By Stephen Miller

The Internal Revenue Service announced higher limits for 2014 on contributions to health savings accounts (HSAs) and for out-of-pocket spending under high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) linked to them.

In Revenue Procedure 2013-25, issued May 2, 2013, the IRS provided the inflation-adjusted HSA contribution and HDHP minimum deductible and out-of-pocket limits, effective for calendar year 2014. The higher rates reflect a cost-of-living adjustment and rounding rules under Internal Revenue Code Section 223.

A comparison of the 2014 and 2013 limits is shown below:


Calendar Year 2013

Calendar Year 2014





Annual Contribution Limit





HDHP Minimum Deductible




(no change)


(no change)

HDHP Out-of-Pocket Limit
(includes deductibles, co-payments and other amounts but not premiums)





The increases in contribution limits and out-of-pocket maximums from 2013 to 2014 were somewhat lower than the increases a year earlier, reflecting the government’s calculation of a more modest inflation rate. From 2012 to 2013 the contribution limit rose $150 for individual coverage and $200 for family plans, while maximum out-of-pocket amounts rose $200 for individuals and $400 for families, and HDHP minimum deductible amounts rose $50 for individuals and $100 for families.

Penalties for Nonqualified Expenses

Those under age 65 (unless totally and permanently disabled) who use HSA funds for nonqualified medical expenses face a penalty of 20 percent of the funds used for such expenses. Funds spent for nonqualified purposes are also subject to income tax.

Coverage of Adult Children

While the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act allows parents to add their adult children (up to age 26) to their health plans, the IRS has not changed its definition of a dependent for health savings accounts. This means that an employee whose 24-year-old child is covered on his HSA-qualified high-deductible health plan is not eligible to use HSA funds to pay that child’s medical bills.

If account holders can’t claim a child as a dependent on their tax returns, then they can’t spend HSA dollars on services provided to that child. According to the IRS definition, a dependent is a qualifying child (daughter, son, stepchild, sibling or stepsibling, or any descendant of these) who:

  • Has the same principal place of abode as the covered employee for more than one-half of the taxable year.
  • Has not provided more than one-half of his or her own support during the taxable year.
  • Is not yet 19 (or, if a student, not yet 24) at the end of the tax year or is permanently and totally disabled.

Stephen MillerCEBSis an online editor/manager for SHRM.